Comprehensive Overview of Diabetes: Testing, Precautions, Symptoms, and Indian Data

Comprehensive Overview of Diabetes: Testing, Precautions, Symptoms, and Indian Data

Comprehensive Overview of Diabetes: Testing, Precautions, Symptoms, and Indian Data

  • 04 Aug 2023

 Diabetic tests used to Average Blood Glucose (Abg) There are two types of tests used to measure blood sugar levels: fasting blood sugar (FBS) and postprandial blood sugar (PBS). FBS is measured after fasting for at least 8 hours, while PBS is measured 2 hours after eating. Those with diabetes should monitor their blood sugar levels to ensure they stay within healthy limits. Abg tests provide an easy and accurate way to do this. By regularly testing blood sugar, people with diabetes can better manage their condition. It is important to understand the difference between FBS and PBS as they indicate different levels of blood sugar. FBS readings will show how well diabetes is being managed over the long term, while PBS readings will indicate how well diabetes is being managed after eating. Abg tests provide an easy and accurate way to measure blood sugar, so people with diabetes can quickly monitor their levels and ensure they remain within safe levels.

To diagnose diabetes, a doctor will order an FBS or PBS test. This involves taking a blood sample after a period of fasting or after eating, and measuring the amount of glucose in the blood. If the levels are higher than normal, it indicates diabetes.

Diabetes Precautions

People with diabetes should take precautions to prevent their blood sugar levels from rising too high or too low. This includes eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, monitoring blood sugar levels regularly, and taking medications as prescribed by a doctor. It is also important to avoid smoking and drinking too much alcohol. People with diabetes should also wear a medical alert bracelet or necklace to alert medical personnel in case of an emergency.

Diabetes Symptoms

Some symptoms of diabetes in animals include excessive water drinking and increased urination, weight loss, decreased appetite, cloudy eyes, and chronic or recurring infections. People with diabetes may also experience increased thirst, frequent urination, blurred vision, fatigue, slow wound healing, and tingling or numbness in the extremities.

What is Prediabetes?

Prediabetes is a condition in which a person`s blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not yet high enough to be classified as type 2 diabetes. It is often seen as a precursor to diabetes and is associated with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and other chronic diseases. Treatment and lifestyle changes can help prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes Data and Statistics in India

India has been referred to as the "diabetes capital of the world" due to its high prevalence of diabetes cases. Here are some key data and statistics related to diabetes in India up to that point:

  1. Prevalence: India has one of the highest numbers of people with diabetes in the world. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are prevalent, with type 2 diabetes being the most common.
  2. Number of Cases: The number of people with diabetes in India has been steadily increasing. According to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) estimates in 2019, there were approximately 77 million adults living with diabetes in India. This number is expected to rise further due to factors such as lifestyle changes and an aging population.
  3. Type 2 Diabetes: Type 2 diabetes accounts for the majority of diabetes cases in India. This type is closely linked to lifestyle factors such as sedentary behavior, an unhealthy diet, and obesity.
  4. Youth-Onset Diabetes: India has also been witnessing an increase in the number of youth-onset diabetes cases, where individuals develop type 2 diabetes at a young age.
  5. Urban vs. Rural Disparities: While diabetes is prevalent across both urban and rural areas, urban areas tend to have a higher prevalence due to the adoption of more sedentary lifestyles and the availability of processed foods.
  6. Risk Factors: Rapid urbanization, changes in dietary habits, lack of physical activity, and genetic predisposition are some of the key factors contributing to the high prevalence of diabetes in India.
  7. Awareness and Diagnosis: A significant portion of the Indian population remains undiagnosed or unaware of their diabetes status. Lack of awareness and limited access to healthcare services in certain regions contribute to this issue.
  8. Complications: Diabetes can lead to various complications, including cardiovascular diseases, kidney problems, nerve damage, and eye-related issues. These complications can significantly impact the quality of life and increase healthcare costs.


Thyrocare`s Diabetic Profile Basic - It is a comprehensive health package that helps in early diagnosis of diabetes by screening for medical conditions related to diabetes. It includes tests for fasting blood sugar, insulin, cholesterol, triglycerides, and other vital parameters. It is an effective way to identify any changes in blood sugar levels and monitor any risk factors associated with diabetes.

Thyrocare`s Diabetic Profile Advanced - It is a more comprehensive health package that includes tests for fasting blood sugar, insulin, cholesterol, triglycerides, and other vital parameters, along with tests for HbA1c, uric acid, and other markers related to diabetes. It provides a more detailed assessment of the patient`s health and helps in more accurate diagnosis and monitoring of diabetes.